STUDENT'S NAME: Yung-Ming Ou
GENERAL PURPOSE: To inform
SPECIFIC PURPOSE: To inform the audience about the history of chopsticks,
To inform the audience on the different types of chopsticks,
To inform the audience how to use chopsticks.
- Documented Sources:
- "Chopsticks." Diner's Digest. 23 Sept. 1998 <http://match.cuisinenet.com/glossary/chopsticks.html>.
- "Chopsticks (Hashi)". The Japanese Tutor. 23 Sept. 1998 <http://tiger.coe.missouri.edu/~language/Chops/Chopsticks.html>.
- Giblin, James Cross. From Hand to Mouth, Or, How We Invented Knives, Forks, Spoons, and Chopsticks, and the Manners to Go With Them. New Faux City: Pseudo, 19??.
- "Learn 2 Use Chopsticks". Learn2.com - The Ability Utility. 22 Sept. 1998 <http://www.learn2.com/06/0607/0607.html>.
- Visual aids: posters and chopsticks
- Attention-Getting device: Imagine you are invited to a nice Chinese or Japanese restaurant to have dinner with your good friends. What kinds of utensils are you going to use when you start to enjoy your meal? A fork and a knife? Or chopsticks? Do you know some kinds of foods taste better when you use the right utensil? Chinese and Japanese foods are no exception. They taste better when you eat them with chopsticks.
- Preview: In China and Japan, chopsticks play a very important role in the dining culture. Today, I am going to share with you several topics about chopsticks:
- Where did they come from?
- How do you use them in the proper way?
- How can you practice using them?
- The History of Chopsticks -- We ar not sure when chopsticks were first used but, we do know that they were invented in China where their use has been traced back at least as far as the 3rd century B.C. The famous philosopher Confucius, who lived over 200 years earlier, influenced the development of chopsticks with his nonviolent teaching. According to his teaching, food should be cut up in slaughterhouses or kitchens, not at the table. Knives, with their association to war and death, were not to be brought to the dinner table. Today, chopsticks are used in Japan, Korea, and Vietnam as well as China, making them the world's second most popular method of conveying food to mouth.
- What chopsticks are made of -- Most chopsticks are made of bamboo or other wood. But they can be made of plastic or silver. There is a very special purpose for chopsticks that are made of silver. I will talk aabout this later.
- The name of chopsticks
- In Chinese, chopsticks are pronounced "Kuai-zi" meaning "something fast" or "quick one."
- In Japanese, chopsticks are called "Hashi." It means "bridge."
- The word "chopsticks" as we use it today came from the 19th century when the Chinese word was translated by trader into pidgin English. The word "chop" means "fast" -- as in the phrase "chop chop!"
- The Shape of chopsticks -- Chinese chopsticks are squared-off and blunt at the end. Japanese chopsticks are rounded and tapered to a point. It has been suggested that this is in order to facilitate the removal of bones from fish which makes up a major part of the Japanese diet.
- No one really knows who came up with the phrade "soap opera," but
there are several reasons why this term was created.
- Other uses of chopsticks -- Besides being an eating utensil, there are other ways to use chopsticks:
- In ancient China, chopsticks were always made of silver in the royal family. The emperor was very important to the whole country. To prevent the emperor from being poisoned, servants would test the food with silver chopsticks which change color upon contact with certain types of poisons.
- In Taiwan, there is a special kind of folk dance called the "chopsticks dance" in which dancers would hold a pair of chopsticks in each hand while they dance. In this situation, chopsticks are like paint brushes to the painter. They become a tool for artistic expressions.
- In Japan, chopsticks can be treated as decorative objects. They are usually made of lacquered wood and are sometimes elaborately painted and personalized for their owners.
- It is said that using chopsticks helps to prevent old people from becoming demented. There could be wisdom to this adage since people who always use their fingers tend to keep their minds sharp.
- How to use chopsticks
- Hold one stick between your first two fingers and the other stick between your second and third fingers
- Use your thumb as a pivoting point for the upper stick. Then push down on the lower stick with the area between your thumb's joint and your thumb's knuckle.
- The lower stick should remain stationary and only the upper stick moves.
- You should hold chopsticks at the correct position. Holding chopsticks in the incorrect position will make them difficult to use.
- How Do You Practice
- Position the chopsticks like in the above mention steps
- Time: 3 minutes a day for several days
- What you will need:
- Some pieces of food
- A set of chopsticks -- preferably tapered
- Practice with salad first
- Start with large pieces and decrease the size as your skill improves
- Soon you can even pick up peanuts
- Like any other skills, repetition is the key to success. Several shot practices over a period of time is more effective than a big chunk of time spent in one day.
- Summary -- Today, I have shared with you the history of chopsticks, how to use them, and how to practice using them.
- Concluding Device -- I mentioned in the beginning that food will taste better if you use the right utensil. Just like you need to use a fork and a knife when you order steaks at a steak house, you need to use chopsticks to eat when you go to a Chinese or Japanese restaurant. So practice how to use them when you have a chance. Next time you are in a Chinese or Japanese restaurant, you will appreciate the real taste of Chinese and Japanese foods.
[ Main Page | Assignments Page | Outline Page | Topics Page ]